The Midlothian to Manchester Railroad was the first in Virginia. By September, 1831, the railroad was operational, using horses, mules and gravity as motive power. One hundred and sixty cars were put into operation, and it was an instant financial success. In 1836, the Chesterfield Railroad Company reported carrying 25,903 cars with 84,976 tons of coal, making it the most profitable railroad in the world at the time. With the advent of steam powered engines in early 1850, the Chesterfield Railroad was dismantled before the American Civil War. Today, there are still some ruins of the coal mines, air pumping stations and tracks in the Midlothian Mines Park.

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